What is it?

A very common disease, also known as high blood pressure, that affects millions worldwide. It is a disease characterized by high blood pressure pumped from the heart into the arteries that over time leads to heart disease, stroke, kidney and eye damage among others.  

How to diagnose it?

Normal Blood Pressure – Below 120/80 mmHg
Prehypertension – 120-139/80-89 mm Hg Stage 1
hypertension – 140-159/90-99 mm Hg Stage 2
hypertension – above 160/100 mm Hg

Treatment?

Various methods. Prehypertension may be treated conservatively at first with weight loss and diet changes. By decreasing salt intake and adhering to DASH diet one can see modest results. There are several classes of medications that may be used alone or together to help with blood pressure control that your provider will discuss with you.  

QUICK LINKS

www.DASHDIET.org – information about diet choices with hypertension
www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/high-blood-pressure/basics/definition/con-20019580 – overview about hypertension
http://jama.jamanetwork.com/article.aspx?articleid=1791497 – New national guidelines about treating hypertension