What is Hypertension?

A very common disease, also known as high blood pressure, that affects millions worldwide. It is a disease characterized by high blood pressure pumped from the heart into the arteries that over time leads to heart disease, stroke, kidney, eye damage, and many others illnesses.  

How to diagnose it?

When your doctor takes your blood pressure, the levels should reflect the normal amount, as listed below.
Normal Blood Pressure – Below 120/80 mmHg
Prehypertension – 120-139/80-89 mm Hg
Stage 1 Hypertension – 140-159/90-99 mm Hg
Stage 2 Hypertension – above 160/100 mm Hg


There are various methods in treating this condition. Prehypertension may be treated conservatively at first with weight loss and diet changes – by decreasing salt intake and adhering to DASH diet, one can see modest results. There are several classes of medications that may be used alone or together to help with blood pressure control that your provider will discuss with you.  


www.DASHDIET.org – information about diet choices with hypertension
www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/high-blood-pressure/basics/definition/con-20019580 – overview about hypertension
https://www.ahajournals.org/doi/10.1161/HYPERTENSIONAHA.120.15026 – New National guidelines of treating Hypertension